Plant Library


Compact Alpine Fir

Abies lasiocarpa 'Compacta'

Add To My Wish List

Compact Alpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa 'Compacta') at Franz Witte

Compact Alpine Fir

Compact Alpine Fir

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Compact Alpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa 'Compacta') at Franz Witte

Compact Alpine Fir foliage

Compact Alpine Fir foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  8 feet

Spread:  5 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3b

Other Names:  Subalpine Fir, Rocky Mountain Fir


A compact version of this Rocky Mountain native, ideal for bringing a splash of blue-green color to the garden, not to mention it's narrow pyramidal shape; tolerates drier conditions than most firs

Ornamental Features

The Compact Alpine Fir is a dwarf conifer which is primarily valued in the landscape or garden for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has bluish-green evergreen foliage. The needles remain bluish-green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

The Compact Alpine Fir is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It has no significant negative characteristics.

The Compact Alpine Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

The Compact Alpine Fir will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 5 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in sandy soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Garden 
Plant Form  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features